Urogynecology a specialized field of gynecology and obstetrics that deals with female pelvic medicine and plastic surgery. Urogynecologists are doctors who diagnose and treat pelvic floor conditions like weak bladder or pelvic organ prolapse (your organs drop because the muscles are weak). The pelvic floor is that the area of the body that houses your bladder, genital system, and rectum. Urogynecologists complete school of medicine and a residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology or Urology. These doctors are specialists with additional training and knowledge within the evaluation and treatment of conditions that affect the feminine pelvic organs, and therefore the muscles and animal tissue that support the organs. Many, though not all, complete formal fellowships (additional training after residency) that specialize in the surgical and non-surgical treatment of noncancerous gynecologic problems treated by a urogynecologist include enuresis or leakage, pelvic organ prolapse (dropping of the vagina, uterus, cystocele, rectocele), and overactive bladder. Our urogynecology specialists have experience treating all conditions of the feminine urinary and reproductive tract. Additionally to four years of general obstetrics and gynecology training, they need three years of subspecialty training in female pelvic health and pelvic plastic surgery. Your doctor works with a treatment team that has a NP, a physician assistant and a physiotherapist. This extra capability provides even better anatomic detail of the tract and its surrounding structures and allows helical CT to accurately characterize intrinsic and extrinsic causes of ureteral obstruction.