Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences

Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences
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Placenta accreta and caesarean scar pregnancy: Potential risks of rising cesarean section rate

Author(s): Muzibunnisa Begam

A retrospective study was conducted in women with history of a caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) to explore the possible causative mechanisms. Over a period of 40 months, a total of 16,926 deliveries and 3554 caesarean sections (CS) occurred in our hospital. Nine cases of CSP were identified at an incidence of 1:1880 births and 0.25% of all CS. Analysis of the indications of the previous CS revealed that 88.8% of women with known indication had undergone CS without labour. Out of them, 75% underwent CS at preterm gestation and 25% had term elective procedure for breech presentation. Of the patients, 77.7% had multiple CS. Conservation of the uterus was possible in 77.7% of patients utilising non-radical forms of treatment. As most of the women underwent CS with a non-contractile uterus without labour, we believe that the risk of CSP may be related to the indications of the previous CS as the number of CS alone could not explain the occurrence of CSP. It is time to explore this area so that screening strategies can be developed to detect CSP at the earliest possible gestation and to prevent life-threatening complications such as uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage.

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Citations : 917

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