Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences

Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences
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An Overview of Vulvovaginal Atrophy‑Related Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women

Author(s): Okeke TC, Ezenyeaku CC, Ikeako LC, Agu PU

Menopause and the climacteric period are associated with adverse risk factors for the development of vulvovaginal atrophyrelated sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction is a common problem in postmenopausal women, often underdiagnosed, inadequately treated, frequently overlooked, and most often impairing the quality of life of these women. To provide clinicians with current information on vulvovaginal atrophy‑related sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women. This study is a literature review on vulvovaginal atrophy‑related sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women. Relevant publications were identified through a search of PubMed and Medline, selected references, journals, and textbooks on this topic, and were included in the review. The prevalence of female sexual dysfunction increases with age. It is a common multidimensional problem for postmenopausal women that alter the physiological, biochemical, psychological, and sociocultural environment of a woman. Menopause‑related sexual dysfunction may not be reversible without therapy. Estrogen therapy is the most effective option and is the current standard of care for vulvovaginal atrophy‑related sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women. Sexual dysfunction is a common multidimensional problem for postmenopausal women and often impairs the quality of life of these women. Estrogen preparations are the most effective treatment. Selective estrogen receptor modulators, vaginal dehydroepiandrostenedione, vaginal testosterone, and tissue‑selective estrogen complexes are promising therapies, but further studies are required to confirm their role, efficacy, and safety.


Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research Journal of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences is a peer-reviewed online journal with Semiannual print on demand compilation of issues published.
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