Introduction: Currently, an unprecedented 1.8 billion youth live globally. Yet, in a world of adult concerns, young people are often overlooked. Most young people begin sexual activities during adolescence. The contribution of the school type towards developing risky sexual behaviour by the students has not been explored well. Thus, this study tried to compare Risky Sexual Behavior and Factors Associated among Public and Private Secondary School Students in Addis Ababa. Objective: To determine the prevalence of risky sexual behavior and factors associated with it among public and private secondary school students in Addis Ababa.
Method and material: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted from February15- Mar.16, 2015.A multistage random sampling technique was used to identify secondary schools. Study participants were selected using simple random sampling technique. Two population proportion formulaswere used to calculate a total sample size of 1037 students (517 public 518 private). Data was summarized using descriptive statistics including mean, proportion and standard deviation and inferential statistics such as chi-square test and binomial logistic regression. Ethical clearance was obtained from Debre Markos University. Result: A total of 1,037 students (519 public and 518 private) participated in the study making the response rate 98.8%. Among all the students (public and private), a quarter of them (264(25.5%)) had started sexual intercourse at the mean age of 16.39 years (+SD 1.7). Of those who stared sex, 188 (71.2%) of them reported risky sexual practices. The prevalence of risky sexual behaviour in public and private schools were 73.28 % and 69.17%, respectively. The difference between the two categories is not statistically significant (p>0.05).
Conclusion: A quarter of secondary school students have started sex. Seven in 10 of those who ever started sex practiced risky sexual behavior. Thus, parents, the government and non-government organizations working on students should work further to reduce risky sexual behaviour.